VET Policy


In the recent years EU cooperation in VET policies has been strengthened in the framework of the Copenhagen process / Bruges Communiqué and more recently with the adoption of the so-called Riga conclusions, which set five key priorities to further improve VET systems for the period 2015 to 2020.

Xarxa FP, as the only existing European network of cities working on VET mobility and innovation, contributes with its expertise to the design of EU education policies by participating in key European policy dialogue events and consultations in the VET field. In particular, we are members of the European Alliance for Apprenticeships (EAfA), a unique platform which brings together governments with other key stakeholders, like businesses, social partners, chambers, vocational education and training (VET) providers, regions, youth representatives or think tanks, to strengthen the quality, supply and image of apprenticeships in Europe.


EU Vocational Education and Training: Key priorities for the period 2015-2020

  1. Work-based learning

Promote work-based learning in all its forms, with a focus on apprenticeships by involving social partners, companies and VET providers, as well as by stimulating innovation and entrepreneurship.

  1. Quality assurance

Further develop quality assurance mechanisms in VET in line with the European Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training (EQAVET) recommendation and, as part of quality assurance systems, establish continuous information and feedback loops to initial VET (IVET) and continuing VET (CVET) systems based on learning outcomes.

  1. Accessibility

Enhance access to VET and qualifications for all through more flexible and permeable systems.  Above all, this can be done by offering efficient and integrated guidance services and by making available validation of non-formal and informal learning.

  1. Key competences

Further strengthen key competences in VET curricula and provide better opportunities to acquire or develop those skills through IVET and CVET.

  1. VET teachers and trainers

Introduce systematic approaches and opportunities for initial and continuous professional development of VET teachers, trainers and mentors in both school and work-based settings.


Useful resources on EU cooperation in VET

ECVET – European Credit System for Vocational Education & Training

EQAVET – European Quality Assurance framework for Vocational Education and Training

New Skills Agenda for Europe

European Alliance for Apprenticeships

CEDEFOP – European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training

ET2020 – EU Strategic framework for cooperation in Education & Training

Education and Training Monitor – Annual series that captures the evolution of Europe’s education and training systems


Useful resources on EU funding related to VET

Overview of Erasmus+ opportunities for Vocational Education and Training

Other EU funded programmes (ESF, YEI, ESC, COSME, EYE, etc,…)


Useful resources on EU cooperation in Education & Training

European Commission

Council of the European Union

European Parliament

OECD Education